research is not widely developed in Latvia. It is initiated by national
policy making institutions, to motivate the planned policy changes, and
by universities that have their own more academically oriented research
plans. At national level, studies on vocational education till 2004 took
the form of state ordered applied researches. The main VET research areas
are based on key VET policy documents: Concept on Education Development
2002-2005 and Vocational education development programme 2003-2005, which
both state the main development areas for VET.
has planned to use the support provided by Structural Funds according to
the priorities and objectives set in the Single Programming Document (for
2004- 2006) approved by the European Commission (2003).
Development Plan has been structured according to the state socio-economic
development priorities. Funding for VET will be allocated according to
the priority 3, Development of human resources and enhancement of employment,
which is aimed to improve the quality and competitiveness of Latvia’s labour
force, centred on lifelong education. The priority contains three measures:
Promotion of Employment, Development Education and Continuing Training,
and Combating Social Exclusion.
Ministry of Education and Science, Ministry of Welfare, State Employment
Agency and Ministry of Economy manage investigations related to ESF funded
large projects. Some ESF supported projects were realised already in 2005.
Determination of human resources potential in some branches of industry
or some regions of Latvia has been done jointly by researchers and specialists
and continuing investigations (2-3 years in duration) are implemented by
researcher groups in higher education establishments of Latvia. Some projects
on social themes are realised by the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology
of the University of Latvia. Problems of education politics, quality of
teacher training and so on are analysed by researchers in the Institute
of Pedagogy and Psychology of the University of Latvia and in the Humanitarian
Institute of Riga Technical University. Some research dealing with the
labour market and economy takes place in the Institute of Economy of the
Latvian Academy of Sciences and at other Latvian universities.