following thematic patterns can be derived from the analysis of ENRR projects,
carried out in comparison to previous studies of EU projects and ECER papers:
Range of research
projects from both the old and the new EU countries put great emphasis
on the topic 'economy' (incl. business/ labour market/ social partners/
human capital), much more so than the EU projects do. This difference may
be explained by considering the specific influence that national policy
objectives have on ENRR projects.
topics 'competences' and 'learning' are more favoured by the old than the
new EU countries within ENRR projects, but most highly represented among
EU projects. It may be assumed that the old countries promoted these themes
in the EU projects.
specific focus of the new countries on 'continuing vocational education',
which is hardly reflected in EU projects, may result from their special
needs of economic and societal reconstruction.
'process' aspect (which includes the topics 'competences' and 'learning')
is most important among ENRR projects, notably in the old EU countries,
but even more so among the EU projects and the ECER papers. However, ENRR
projects place greater emphasis on the 'framework' aspect (which includes
the topic 'economy') than both the EU projects and the ECER papers do.
differences seem to be mainly connected with the specific impact of the
national context determining ENRR projects, as against factors of the European
context influencing EU projects and ECER papers. Furthermore, the academic
context particularly with regard to ECER papers may play a part.
Structure of the
analysis of ENRR projects, carried out in comparison with ENRR institutions,
offers the first empirically based presentation of how the HRD/VET research
field is structured according to major research areas.
is a large degree of correspondence between projects and institutions with
regard to the distribution of research areas. In the order of frequency,
VET is in the lead, followed by HRD-LM (HRD related to the labour market)
and HRD-O (HRD related to the organisation). In the overall balance, VET
is matched by the combined HRD area (HRD-LM and HRD-O) in nearly equal
important research area is education, including higher education and lifelong
learning, each involving vocational components.
general pattern in the distribution of research areas is largely shared
by the old and the new EU countries within ENRR projects.