VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview

Poland  [1]  Context of national VET/HRD policies

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In Poland, politics, reforms and innovations in the area of VET/HRD are mainly initiated and coordinated by the Ministry of Education and Science (Ministerstwo Edukacji i Nauki - MEiN) and the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy (Ministerstwo Pracy i Polityki Społecznej – MPiPS). The Polish Agency for Enterprise Development (Polska Agencja Rozwoju Przedsiębiorczości-PARP), which supports SMEs development,  also takes part in this process. Poland is presently implementing the “National Strategy for Employment Growth and Human Resources Development for the Years 2000-2006”, the “Government Economic Strategy - Enterprise-Growth-Employment” and The National Development Plan 2004 – 2006, which is a complex document describing the socio-economic strategy of Poland in its first years as a member of the European Union. Furthermore, the Government agreed on the “Strategy for Development of Continuing Education until the year 2010” and the “National Youth Strategy for the Years 2003-2012”. As the consequence of the implementation of the above documents, activities aiming to support 3 basic areas are undertaken: companies, infrastructure and human resource development. The instrument that serves to realise accepted politics and strategy is actually realised by the "Sectoral Operational Programme – Human Resources Development 2004-2006" (Sektorowy Program Operacyjny Rozwój Zasobów Ludzkich - SPO RZL), whose aims are also compatible with the priorities of the European Employment Strategy. 

National R&D initiatives in the area of VET/HRD are usually ordered by state administration institutions in the form of reports and expert analyses. Inter alia, on the order of MEiN, the Institute for Sustainable Technologies (National Research Institute) has prepared a report concerning the diagnosis of lifelong learning in Poland. However, for the needs of developing national vocational qualifications standards a consortium of institutions has been established that will realise an order for MPiPS in 2006-2007. In the area of the recognition of vocational qualifications, the results of research are published by the Central Examination Commission in Warsaw.

In recent years the Gdańsk Institute of Market Economics (Instytut Badań nad Gospodarką Rynkową - IbnGR) joined this process. The IbnGR is an independent scientific research institution dealing with economy and state politics. It develops recommendations that are useful for state policy, and it provides the business sphere and wider public with independent economy assessments, including continuing education. In this area it cooperates with the Polish Lisbon Strategy Forum (Polskie Forum Strategii Lizbońskiej - PFSL).
Prognostic studies concerning the development of professions and qualifications, which are very important for the improvement of VET/HRD in Poland, are led by the Government Center for Strategic Studies (RCSS), with its Interdepartmental Team for Forecasting Job Demand. 

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Poland (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO