Poland, politics, reforms and innovations in the area of VET/HRD are mainly
initiated and coordinated by the Ministry of Education and Science (Ministerstwo
Edukacji i Nauki - MEiN) and the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy (Ministerstwo
Pracy i Polityki Społecznej – MPiPS). The Polish Agency for Enterprise
Development (Polska Agencja Rozwoju Przedsiębiorczości-PARP), which supports
SMEs development, also takes part in this process. Poland is presently
implementing the “National Strategy for Employment Growth and Human Resources
Development for the Years 2000-2006”, the “Government Economic Strategy
- Enterprise-Growth-Employment” and The National Development Plan 2004
– 2006, which is a complex document describing the socio-economic strategy
of Poland in its first years as a member of the European Union. Furthermore,
Government agreed on the “Strategy for Development of Continuing Education
until the year 2010” and the “National Youth Strategy for the Years 2003-2012”.
As the consequence of the implementation of the above documents, activities
aiming to support 3 basic areas are undertaken: companies, infrastructure
and human resource development. The instrument that serves to realise accepted
politics and strategy is actually realised by the "Sectoral Operational
Programme – Human Resources Development 2004-2006" (Sektorowy Program Operacyjny
Rozwój Zasobów Ludzkich - SPO RZL), whose aims are also compatible with
the priorities of the European Employment Strategy.
R&D initiatives in the area of VET/HRD are usually ordered by state
administration institutions in the form of reports and expert analyses.
Inter alia, on the order of MEiN, the Institute for Sustainable Technologies
(National Research Institute) has prepared a report concerning the diagnosis
of lifelong learning in Poland. However, for the needs of developing national
vocational qualifications standards a consortium of institutions has been
established that will realise an order for MPiPS in 2006-2007. In the area
of the recognition of vocational qualifications, the results of research
are published by the Central Examination Commission in Warsaw.
recent years the Gdańsk Institute of Market Economics (Instytut Badań nad
Gospodarką Rynkową - IbnGR) joined this process. The IbnGR is an independent
scientific research institution dealing with economy and state politics.
It develops recommendations that are useful for state policy, and it provides
the business sphere and wider public with independent economy assessments,
including continuing education. In this area it cooperates with the Polish
Lisbon Strategy Forum (Polskie Forum Strategii Lizbońskiej - PFSL).
studies concerning the development of professions and qualifications, which
are very important for the improvement of VET/HRD in Poland, are led by
the Government Center for Strategic Studies (RCSS), with its Interdepartmental
Team for Forecasting Job Demand.