VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview

Poland  [5]  Funding framework of VET/HRD research

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Main D&R initiatives in the area of VET/HRD are supported by three paths: (a) the Budget funds for study, (b) European funds and (c) other resources.

The first path constitutes research projects (grants and target projects realised mainly by research institutes and higher schools) funded from the state budget by the Ministry of Science and Information Society Technologies (Ministerstwo Nauki i Informatyzacji – MNiI). This group of projects also includes research projects submitted in the framework of the COST Programme (European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technological Research) and the Sixth Framework Programme for Research and Development, mainly in the priority area of Information Society Technologies. There is also a formula of Multiyear Programmes approved at government level, which are co-ordinated by scientific institutions with the status of National Research Institutes. Within this group, there are projects for Public Service „development of vocational improvement within advance technologies of production and operating”. 

The second path consist of projects which are co-ordinated at state level by the Ministry of Labour Social Policy (MPiPS), the Ministry of Education and Science (MEiN), and the Polish Agency For Enterprise Development (PARP), partially financed from EU funds, in particular from the European Social Fund. These projects are the result of the implementation of the National Development Plan 2004-2006 and particularly of one of its parts, the Sectoral Operational Plan Human Resources Development. Most of all, beneficiaries are interested in the activity "staff development of the new economy". The dynamics of the projects belonging to this group indicates that this will be the main source of support by government policy in the field of the development of human resources and the knowledge-based society in the nearest future. A supplement of this programme is the EQUAL initiative, which started in 2004. Moreover, this group includes projects implemented in the framework of the pre-accession programme Phare – Human Resources Development, monitored by the Polish Agency For Enterprise Development. These projects have mostly local impact and are oriented towards improving the situation on local labour markets. Actually, within Phare 2002 and Phare 2003, there have also been projects carrying research led by final beneficiaries.

Educational EU programmes have a significant influence on the development of VET. These include  Leonardo da Vinci (pilot projects, studies and analyses) co-ordinated by The Task Force for Training and Human Resources – Co-operation Fund (Biuro Koordynacji Kształcenia Kadr – Fundusz Współpracy) and Socrates (covering a series of actions concerning various levels and aspects of education, including VET), co-ordinated by the Foundation for the Development of the Education System (Fundacja Rozju Systemu Edukacji). 

The third path takes into account research financing from Budget and out of Budget funds. The state budget also finances studies into the level of people's educational activity, which are conducted by the Central Statistical Office (GUS,) and research led by the Government Centre for Strategic Studies (Rządowe Centrum Studiów Strategicznych). The Foundation for Polish Science (Fundacja na Rzecz Nauki Polskiej) is another institution supporting projects in the area of VET/HRD (fellowships for young scientists, support of international co-operation).

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Poland (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO