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Portugal  [2]  Context of EU policies and programmes

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The Lisbon Agenda is based on three pillars: macroeconomic stability, the SGP (Stability and Growth Programme); employment and training, the NEP (National Plan for Employment); and competitiveness, which covers the dimensions of Knowledge, Research and Innovation - the Technological Plan.

The Operational Programmes, in the context of the Community Support Framework, played a considerable role in the implementation of policy objectives and targets in innovation - POEFDS, PRODEP, PRIME, POCI, and POSC.

Leonardo da Vinci and Socrates are the European Programmes that deal with education and vocational training, through which transnational research and innovation programmes are financed. .

Following the adoption of the European Council in Barcelona and the subsequent Communication “More research for Europe: towards 3% of GDP”, Portugal targets that the public expenditure in R&D will be 1,0% of the GDP by 2010.

The knowledge of the community action plan is particularly important for the accurate framing of the national accomplishment and possible attainment of synergies and performance alignment. For instance:

-  Action Plan “Innovate for a Competitive Europe” - DG Empresa (CE)
- “Investing in Research: An action plan for Europe” - DG Investigação (CE)
- “European Trend Chart on Innovation” (CE) 
The Institute for Quality in Training (IQF) and the Institute of Employment and Vocational Training (IEFP) are directly involved in CEDEFOP activities through the contributions of the Refernet Consortium and TTNet, to all the requested activities. IQF experts had contributed to the CEDEFOP projects "Trends and skill needs in tourism" and "E-Skills for ICT".

The Ministério do Trabalho e Solidariedade Social (Ministry of Labour and Social Solidarity), the Ministério da Educação (Ministry of Education) and the Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Ensino Superior (Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education) jointly organised and participated in the national consultation concerning the European Qualification Framework - EQF, launched by the European Commission on 2005.

In the context of the debates promoted by the European Union on education and training systems, the IQF has responded to the challenge by proposing a methodology for the design and production of skills and training references. Through the proposed methodology the IQF has clearly chosen to promote the construction of references for qualification systems, structured according to a reference framework that will approximate them to the proposal put forward in the sphere of the EQF.

Portugal is also involved in the European Credit Transfer in Training - ECTS. The implementation of the ECTS is one of the objectives of the Government programme which seeks to safeguard the Portuguese qualifications in the European area, putting into effect the Bologna process, encouraging higher education study, improving the standard and appropriateness of education and training, and improving mobility and internationalisation. The second revision of the LBSE (Law n.º 49/2005, of 30 August) provides for the adoption of the ECTS in the organisation of training delivered by higher education institutions.

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Portugal (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO