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Romania  [2]  Context of EU policies and programmes

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Important VET/HRD research activities were run by ETF, through the Romanian National Observatory, hosted by the Institute of Educational Sciences: Annual reports on reform changes in IVET and CVT; key indicators reports; other specific research on social partnership, institution building, company surveys, skills survey, quality assurance etc.

Romania was also involved directly in CEDEFOP activities, through articles written by members of the Romanian National Observatory team, and contribution to the VET-Instit and VET-Bib data bases.

The Phare programme included different studies on the current situation and demands in different related projects: Phare TVET programme 2001-2003, Twining project on CVT, Establishement of the National Agency for Equality of Opportunities, Preparation for ESF type activities, Phare Social and Economic Cohesion - Human Resources Development component. Their results directly influenced national VET/HRD policies; sometimes outcomes were planned to be developed in those projects (especially in Phare TVET and Phare CVT projects).

European programmes like Leonardo da Vinci, Socrates, Youth for Europe, include research and development explicitly or implicitly addressed by the different transnational projects. As part of the measures for accession to the European Union, Romania participated in an important number of projects, including research projects, where Romanian specialists could work in European teams on transnational themes.

The Sapard programme has an entire measure dedicated to training accompanying rural development targeted by the rest of the measures. In order to prepare properly its implementation, a feasibility study was elaborated in 2004. Such activities enhance the good image of training and the idea of background research and development involved in extended policies, as long as they are correctly implemented and widely disseminated.

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Romania (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO