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Romania  [3]  Issues and themes of VET/HRD projects

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Research remains to be focused on the system changes of VET and HRD, themes being related to national reforms or the modification of the legal and institutional framework. Some of the themes are directly connected with developments of the legal framework and the elaboration of policy documents at national level, including  the following:
  • Quality assurance was addressed by research and development activities under different frameworks (pilot projects within the Leonardo da Vinci programme, a Phare project, capacity building of QA assurance system in CVT) and influenced strongly the new law on QA.
  • Curriculum for VET and CVT is an ongoing theme of development activities run/coordinated by TVET Centre and NATB, the two institutions being designed to this purpose. Related issues were also the main purpose of bilateral projects (Striking deals Matra project, Assuring quality of CVT in Romania GTZ project).
  • Teacher & trainer training in VET and CVT research components were included in the Phare TVET projects and Phare CVT project and underpinned important measures of teacher and trainer training but also specific elements in the national strategies. Other analyses were done in this area by public institutions concerned with the training of their employees (Ministry of Health, National Institute for Administration); further analyses were carried out within national or international projects in fields of an increasing interest, some of them influencing national policies: equality of opportunities, fighting domestic violence, child protection, (several run by NGOS, under UNESCO, USAID, CIDA projects).
  • Social Partnership in VET and CVT were addressed by different research activities run by the Romanian National Observatory under ETF, by specific projects in the Phare programme (Social Dialogue, Preparation for ESF type activities, Phare CVT).
  • National Qualification Framework capacity building is a constant interest since the Joint Assessment of Employment Policies and the recent developments are connected with the results of the analyses in the TVET multi-annual project in the Phare Programme 2003. The part of the project run by the Romanian National Observatory mentioned before includes components dedicated to strengthening the capacity of the structures meant to develop the National Qualification Framework. 
  • CVT at company level was investigated in 2003 by a Skills Audit Survey run by the Romanian National Observatory. The survey comprises 100 companies in the North East region of Romania, analysing the main HRD policies at company level.
There are also HRD analyses in companies which have an important number of employees and/or are included in international networks (like Connex, Romtelecom, Coca-cola, Dacia-Renault, Hilton). Such analyses, rarely known outside the organisation, are important for the development strategy of the companies and for raising awareness of the importance of VET/HRD research and development, because of the important number of the persons involved. 

Private analyses of the training market undertaken by private providers offer a realistic image of the segments involved and represent the background for the development strategy of the beneficiary, but remain linked to the specific business interests and remain, most of the time, unknown outside the organisation.

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Romania (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO