funding framework is strongly connected with the institutional one.
funds are public money, coming from the national budget or other public
& International programmes have projects and/or components dedicated
to VET/HRD research, coming under specific requirements from their respective
sources: Leonardo da Vinci, Socrates, Youth for Europe, Phare, ETF, Sapard,
PNUD, ILO, UNESCO, USAID, CIDA, Matra, GTZ, etc.
of Education and Research is funding IES, Universities, research units,
of Labour and Social Solidarity is funding the National Research Centre
on Labour and Social Protection Issues.
Agency for Employment is financed from the Unemployment fund, a small part
of its activities being contracted with external providers, under the legal
Council for Financing University Education is funding research and development
run by universities, a very small part being related to VET/HRD.
isolated initiatives of training providers, big companies, NGOs are funded
from private money.