recent years most VET-related research in Sweden has been of an academic
nature with approximately ten doctoral dissertations published in Sweden
since 2000, covering topics ranging from comparative literature, economical
history, educational science, ethnology, history, sociology, and vocational
competence and technology. In the autumn of 2005 a major study on VET in
Sweden was published by Jonas Olofsson (Svensk yrkesutbildning, Swedish
vocational education and training). This publication was well timed given
the current emphasis on VET in major reforms of upper secondary education
in 2007 in Sweden. A description of the Swedish upper secondary system
in English can be found here: http://www.skolverket.se/sb/d/374#paragraphAnchor5.
Although the reform to upper secondary VET provision will be the most significant
reform, there is also research related to advanced vocational education
and training: http://www.ky.se/engelskainfo.html.
are international reports that indirectly address VET in Sweden such as
the OECD’s Equity in education: thematic review, Sweden country note (http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/10/5/35892546.pdf).
This report was written in 2005 and addresses equity issues in Swedish
education, including VET. Another OECD report on Sweden, Attracting Developing
and Retaining Effective Teachers (http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/10/60/2962250.pdf)
addresses, among other things, the critical need to attract and retain
VET teachers, which is expected to be one of the most critical teacher
shortage areas in the coming years.
VET development projects funded under the Leonardo da Vinci programme have
covered topics ranging from transportation safety to stone restoration
to intercultural homecare. The Swedish Government, in recognising the increasing
importance of VET, recently commissioned a special vocational education
and training committee (www.yrkesutbildningsdelegationen.se)
under the Ministry of Education, Research and Culture. The committee has
representatives from business, public administration, labour and education
institutions and has a goal to improve cooperation between the labour market
and schools and to increase the quality of vocationally oriented education
at Swedish upper secondary schools. Other goals include raising the status
of, and number of students entering, vocational-oriented programmes.
of the most important current themes in Swedish-VET is apprenticeship,
which has played a very minor role in VET in Sweden. A specific response
to the need for more work-based training is the new upper secondary apprenticeship
training that is part of the new upper secondary reforms from 2007, as
mentioned in section 1.