VET&HRD
 
VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview

Slovenia  [1]  Context of national VET/HRD policies

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A systematic approach toward VET/HRD R&D at national level is not very well developed yet in Slovenia. Despite this fact, the Ministry of Education and Sport, together with other ministries and agencies that meet the conditions prescribed in the Research Act, have initiated the system of Target research programmes (referred to use the Slovenian abbreviation of CRP). This system was created in 2001 for inter-sectoral cooperation in planning and implementing networked R&D projects for specific areas of public interest. Research within a CRP is problem-oriented and targeted towards improving Slovenia's competitive capacity, which should form the basis for successful development and an increase in the standard of living of its inhabitants. The researches concern the following themes: development of life-long learning centres, the problem of outflow of national R&D resources, teacher training, assurance of equal educational opportunities, development of an educational model for raising the level of literacy, continuing development of rural areas, professional career development, development of internationally comparable indicators for monitoring and evaluation of education in Slovenia, didactical aspect of use of ICT technology in teaching and training of children, youths with special needs, distance learning (implementation of e-learning on national level), etc.

There has hardly been empirical research carried out in the sphere of VET and of links between VET and the labour market (the employment sphere) until now. There is also no systematic information available on how the graduates of the different vocational schools perform on the labour market, on the kind of jobs, on how flexible they are, if they take part in continuing training, etc. The only available information is the one of the Employment Service of Slovenia (ESS) on the qualifications and the educational structure of the unemployed and on the current structure of demand for labour. But even if the data bases at ESS offer several analytical possibilities they have not been used much analytically until now (it would be possible to follow the trends in the qualification structure of the unemployed and in the labour demand). 

Moreover the drop-outs of pupils and students, which are often estimated as one of the most serious problems of the educational system in Slovenia, are also almost totally neglected by research on the national level (the reasons for the drop-out, the determining factors, the position of the drop-outs, their position on the labour market, etc.). Another area not covered by research is the area of the expected developments on labour market and its needs.

The initiatives are therefore expressed mainly through different projects that have been financed from various EU programmes. 

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Slovenia (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO