in the SR is carried out by higher education institutions, research institutes
of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, public sector research institutes, all
funded from the state budget, and private research institutes funded by
the private sector.
Ministry of Education of the SR is the central authority in the area of
national research and development policy. R&D is supported top-down
within 10 R&D state programmes (six complex and four thematic ones).
Within the R&D state programmes approved by the government (Resolution
of the Government No. 1007/2002) the complex programmes most relevant for
VET are as follows:
the four thematic programmes the most relevant programmes are as follows:
programme No 1 Informatisation of Society, in particular 1.2 concerning
No 6 Contribution of Social Sciences to Development of Society in particular
6.2 aimed at regional development, 6.5 aimed at the transformation of the
economy, and 6.9 aimed at social system transformation and risks of social
programme No 1 Development of personality and skills of young PhD students
below 35 years,
No 2 aimed
at support and effective utilisation of R&D infrastructure,
No 3 Prognoses
of the development of science and technology till 2015,
No 4 in
particular 4.1 Human resource development and 4.1.2 Labour sources and
research is implemented via the Research and Development Agency and two
sectoral agencies – the Scientific Grant Agency VEGA and the Cultural and
Educational Agency KEGA. VEGA projects are submitted by institutions from
the education sector in accordance with the priorities of science policy
approved by the Ministry of Education of the SR, and based on recommendations
of the scientific community. KEGA projects are submitted by HEI for the
solution of current issues related to education and art.
methodology for the preparation of state R&D programmes for 2005-2006
was based on Act No. 132/2002 on Science and Technology) (§15 to §17)
and on the Concept of National Science and Technology Policy till 2005.
A new Act 172/2005 was approved in March 2005, newly stipulating state
support of science and technology, and transforming the Agency for the
Support of Science and Technology to the Research and Development Agency.
The main objective of this law is to create clear conditions of the R&D
environment in Slovakia in accordance with the Lisbon Strategy and Barcelona
Target. After increasing the transparency in funding flows and the efficiency
in investment, funding sources from the state budget for science and research
will increase. A state programme for the establishment of National Research
Centres is currently under preparation. The new system of state programmes
should be introduced by the end of 2006.
to the database of the Statistical Office of the SR, there is an overall
decline of the expenditure for R&D. Even while public resources in
absolute value slightly increased, their share of GDP declined (2004: 0.59%
GDP). Figures for 2005 will be available in October 2006, but there is
an expectation of a slight increase compared to 2004. In respect to the
Barcelona target (3% GDP total expenditure on science and research) the
Government of the Slovak Republic approved 1.8% GDP as a national target
to be reached by 2010.
regard to research activities funded by the Ministry of Education of the
Slovak Republic from the State budget via state programmes – the total
amount of funding in 2004 was 723 800 000 SKK. Actual financial data of
the state programmes for the year 2005 will be available in October 2006,
provided by the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic.