VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview

Slovak Republic  [5]  Funding framework of VET/HRD research

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R&D in the SR is carried out by higher education institutions, research institutes of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, public sector research institutes, all funded from the state budget, and private research institutes funded by the private sector. 

The Ministry of Education of the SR is the central authority in the area of national research and development policy. R&D is supported top-down within 10 R&D state programmes (six complex and four thematic ones). Within the R&D state programmes approved by the government (Resolution of the Government No. 1007/2002) the complex programmes most relevant for VET are as follows: 

  • the complex programme No 1 Informatisation of Society, in particular 1.2 concerning education; 
  • within No 6 Contribution of Social Sciences to Development of Society in particular 6.2 aimed at regional development, 6.5 aimed at the transformation of the economy, and 6.9 aimed at social system transformation and risks of social cohesion violation. 
Within the four thematic programmes the most relevant programmes are as follows: 
  • the thematic programme No 1 Development of personality and skills of young PhD students below 35 years, 
  • No 2 aimed at support and effective utilisation of R&D infrastructure, 
  • No 3 Prognoses of the development of science and technology till 2015, 
  • No 4 in particular 4.1 Human resource development and 4.1.2 Labour sources and labour market. 

Bottom-up research is implemented via the Research and Development Agency and two sectoral agencies the Scientific Grant Agency VEGA and the Cultural and Educational Agency KEGA. VEGA projects are submitted by institutions from the education sector in accordance with the priorities of science policy approved by the Ministry of Education of the SR, and based on recommendations of the scientific community. KEGA projects are submitted by HEI for the solution of current issues related to education and art.

The methodology for the preparation of state R&D programmes for 2005-2006 was based on Act No. 132/2002 on Science and Technology) (§15 to §17) and on the Concept of National Science and Technology Policy till 2005. A new Act 172/2005 was approved in March 2005, newly stipulating state support of science and technology, and transforming the Agency for the Support of Science and Technology to the Research and Development Agency. The main objective of this law is to create clear conditions of the R&D environment in Slovakia in accordance with the Lisbon Strategy and Barcelona Target. After increasing the transparency in funding flows and the efficiency in investment, funding sources from the state budget for science and research will increase. A state programme for the establishment of National Research Centres is currently under preparation. The new system of state programmes should be introduced by the end of 2006.

According to the database of the Statistical Office of the SR, there is an overall decline of the expenditure for R&D. Even while public resources in absolute value slightly increased, their share of GDP declined (2004: 0.59% GDP). Figures for 2005 will be available in October 2006, but there is an expectation of a slight increase compared to 2004. In respect to the Barcelona target (3% GDP total expenditure on science and research) the Government of the Slovak Republic approved 1.8% GDP as a national target to be reached by 2010.

With regard to research activities funded by the Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic from the State budget via state programmes the total amount of funding in 2004 was 723 800 000 SKK. Actual financial data of the state programmes for the year 2005 will be available in October 2006, provided by the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic.

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Slovak Republic (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO