related research is insufficiently developed due to several reasons:
policy making cannot be considered as separated from research initiatives,
the Slovak Republic is far from havinga developed system of mutual interlinking
between policy-making and research. Policy-making is influenced from ad
hoc short-term research activities rather than from long-term and interrelated
research of well-established research teams. The year 2006 is anticipated
to be crucial in two respects: increasing funds invested in research and
more sophisticated mechanisms in support of research after the implementation
of the new legislation (which came into force only in 2005).
was no institution specialised on VET research in Slovakia within the former
Czechoslovakia; there were only isolated researchers within universities
and one department at the Institute of Experimental Pedagogy of the Slovak
Academy of Sciences. A department within the Pedagogical Institute affiliated
to the SR Ministry of Education served Slovak VET schools to mak use of
the research infrastructure provided by the Research Institute of VET in
to VET research, research in the field of labour, social and family affairs
had solid grounds, partly also due to backing by the Research Institute
of Labour, Social Affairs and Family located in Bratislava, with responsibility
for Czechoslovakia as a whole, to some extent balancing the dominance of
Prague in VET; this research infrastructure gradually diminished due to
the brain drain (many of the researchers entered politics) and to the gradual
reduction of the number of research positions.
the 1990s hard times of restructuring the economy and insufficient funding
of research caused a reduction of research activities. What is more serious,
research in VET and HRD is still only to a limited extent able to reflect
the new socio-economic conditions and to offer results usable in policy
making. After 2002 first signs of revival in research became visible. It
will however take more time to create efficient research teams in these
fields. In this context a research study, within the state programme of
R&D, aimed at the social protection of young PhD students is of crucial
are no vivid links between the almost exclusively private productive sector
and the almost exclusively public research institutions; private research
institutions are still rare.
Slovak Republic needs to strengthen activities aimed at the popularisation
and presentation of science and research results. Activities in this field
are needed to attract society and particularly young people, to enhance
their interest in science and research at the level of primary and secondary
schools. Science in this country can evolve only if there is sufficient
demand for research in the society and when it has adequate social prestige.
Therefore it is necessary to improve the science and research perception
of the society as one of the corner stones of improving the well-being
of citizens. This is also one of the tasks of the "Action Plan for Science,
Research and Innovation of the Competitiveness Strategy for Slovakia until
2010". This programme is aimed at improving the public perception of science
and its role in society and everyday life, at increasing the interest of
young people in scientific career and at supporting the public involvement
in the dialogue on the transfer of knowledge into society.
improvement of information infrastructure will be the second important
point to be carried out in the near future. This means to provide more
consultation and further education and training services to R&D and
the business sector. Upon the support of these activities, Slovakia will
be gain more profit from the increased knowledge potential of businessmen
and the science community. Also the qualification of workers will be improved;
new business subjects with a view of innovation firms will be supported.
In this way, a closer interconnection between R&D and the business
sector will be launched and HRD will be more appreciable. All aspects mentioned
above are a guarantee for creating a more competitive Slovak economy, which
will reflect the Lisbon Strategy priority and will assure more successful
EU policy implementation.
Information Portal is proposed to be created at the Ministry of Education
of the SR with the aim to monitor data on publicly funded R&D projects.
It is supposed to be operated at the end of 2006 and will represent a great
contribution to the transparent and efficient use of public R&D funding.