relation between European and national issues of HRD and VET - a Romanian
perspective on recent R&D projects
to the CEDEFOP supported project on “Promoting European Perspective in
VET and HRD Research”
2 of the Paper "Issues of HRD and VET in Central and Eastern European countries,
in the light of recent R&D projects" by Sabine Manning & Liliana
Voicu, published in the ERO Base of the ETV.
record > Download
after December 1989, for the young democratic society in Romania, after
the moment of celebrating the end of a long dictatorship and the quasi-confusion
on deciding what to do with its fresh and demanding freedom, a generally
accepted scope emerged: acceding the European Union. This overall goal
absorbed the most important part of the national energies: integrating
the acquis communautaire and defining the Romanian way of being European.
we are at the end of this long way and it is normal to pay a special regard
on how the human resource is approached, not only because it was the key
factor in the shift from a hyper-centralised economy to a free market and
from a totalitarian society to a consolidated democracy, but because it
is the key factor in attaining the Lisbon goals, to which the Romanian
society is now committed. A double sided perspective, where national and
European interfere not only in the background, but also in the orienting
is therefore interesting to look on how European and national issues of
HRD and VET are reflected in research and development projects, trying
to answer a number of questions like: Which key issues of HRD/VET research
are addressed in the Romanian projects? To what extent do the EU issues
matter for Romania? What is their benefit for Romanian HRD/VET research
and policy reforms? What is the value of the Romanian contribution to EU
projects? How is the Romanian contribution to EU projects related to national
projects in Romania?
order to answer such questions, this contribution looks closely at a few
recent R&D projects, trying to cover a diverse scale of typologies.
The selection includes projects with larger or smaller perspective, using
national or transnational methodology, based mainly on Romanian or European
expertise, oriented more towards HRD or to VET issues. For comparison,
a UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) report is also included,
in order to offer a broader perspective of comparison, as the theme is
much wider than the normal HRD/VET field: human development in Romania.
following Romanian projects are being analysed:
be noticed from the examples above, the image offered by the Romanian projects
matches very well the analytical overview of R&D projects carried out
in CEE countries.
to Ministry of Labour, Social Solidarity and Family for CVT development
(R&D project – national)
– Candidate countries. Vocational education and training and employment
services in Romania (research project – national, with European expertise)?
National Human Development Report for 2003-2005 (research project, transnational)
audit survey (research project, national)
improvement of adult vocational training in Romania (development project,
support to active involvement of Social Partners – Enhancing Sectoral Committees
Evaluation (pilot Leonardo da Vinci project)
from this, it can be said that Romanian projects address issues that are
relevant as well at European level. On the one hand, this is because, in
the process of EU integration, Romania spent huge energies to meet the
requirements of the accession built on the European agenda, that Romania
was committed to adopt anyhow at the end of the process. On the other hand,
due to the important assistance of the European expertise, EU issues were
embedded in the approach and background elements of the methodologies applied.
At the same time, Romanian experts in HRD & VET were connected to the
European discourse in R&D and were affected by the trends ”in fashion”
– European programmes to which Romania was included from early times had
an important role in this respect.
HRD & VET research and policy reforms benefited from these evolutions.
Romania’s way to access the EU was speeded by the HRD & VET reforms,
and other elements of the integration were also eased by these reforms.
Now, participation of Romania in European processes comes natural and has
already a common background. Romanian contribution can matter only from
this perspective, only when common understanding can underline the specific
differences that are to be taken into account. Which means that not only
Romanians try to adopt European ways, but the Romanian way begins to be
national projects seem to be more concrete and relevant to developments
in Romania. Yet, it is equally important that Romanians contribute in a
normal way to European projects, not least because their participation
in European HRD & VET projects will influence their approach to the
national projects as well. Especially as, from now on, for Romania, European
is also national!