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Which countries are represented in transnational co-authorships? This questions is related to the national origin of co-authors within a given team (co-authors coming from the same country, alongside one or more authors from different countries, are counted only once). The figure above shows the national composition of co-authorships in both CEDRA publications (14 teams) and ECER proceedings (12 teams). While the amount and size of co-authorships are similar in both sets, the transnational composition varies between the two: 
  • CEDRA co-authorships share a smaller range of countries than ECER co-authorships do;
  • the combination of countries in ECER co-authorships is more varied than the one in CEDRA publications, the latter being particularly marked by including a UK co-author in each team and, more predictably, a EU (CEDEFOP) co-author in every second team. 
These differences are partly connected with the contexts in which the co-authorships develop: while CEDRA publications are determined by major themes and corresponding expertise required from co-authors, ECER proceedings are open for any papers which meet general criteria of quality. So these two cases convey alternative characteristics or values of co-authorships: the professionality gained by selected transnationality (CEDRA) versus the rich variety achieved by spontaneous transnationality (ECER).

© WIFO Manning 2003
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