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In this section we shall look at the development of project related networks. The starting point is a set of research projects in the field of vocational education and training which have been implemented under major EU programmes. These include LEONARDO, the Targeted Socio-Economic Research Programme (TSER), SOCRATES and the Fifth Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP5). The projects selected for this analysis have been presented, in various ways, at one or more of the annual European Conferences of Educational Research (ECER) in the period 1998 to 2003. 

The intervals of support provided by the EU programmes result in roughly three phases covering the total period from 1995 (when the first European projects started) to 2003. As indicated in this figure, the average duration of projects is two or three years. These time frames determine the initiation and termination of rather short-lived project partnerships. 

Two more aspects of EU project work should be noted. The programmes expect multi-national participation (with participants originating, in general, from at least three different European countries); they have also stimulated the involvement of new EU candidates. The project partners under contract are institutions only; however, in reality the formation of partnerships rests on individuals. For this reason, the following analysis of project related networks is concerned with persons rather than institutions.

© WIFO Manning 2003
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