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European research networks in vocational education and training

Section: Project partnerships 

European project partnerships in the field of vocational education emerged in the 1990s, promoted by special programmes of the European Commission. In this analysis, 29 projects carried out in the period from 1995 to 2003 are included. The criterion of selection has been their public performance in the European research community: the projects concerned were presented, in various ways, at one or more of the annual European Conferences of Educational Research (ECER) in the period 1998 to 2003. 

The selected projects and their partnerships were supported by the European Commission via the Leonardo programme and the research framework programmes (FP4:TSER and FP5). The 'waves' in which project partnerships developed in this framework are presented in the figure below:

Figure 3: Projects by programme and duration (medium+text/ large

The analysis in the following figures focuses on project partnerships. Although the constituting contracts refer to institutions, the actual development of partnerships rests on individuals. Therefore, partnerships are described in terms of relations between persons. This 
presentation is based on network analysis, which identifies actors and their relationships, and shows how communities develop. A brief introduction into the aims and methods of this network analysis can be found in the guide below:

Guide to analysing project-based research networks (PDF) 

The project partnerships selected for this section have been grouped according to the major periods of programme support. In the following figures the project partnerships are described as individual and related networks:

Figure 4: Project participation networks: 1995-1997 (medium+text/ large
Figure 5: Project participation networks: 1997-2000 (medium+text/ large)
Figure 6: Project participation networks: 2000-2003 (medium+text/ large)

One of the earliest partnerships, EUROPROF (concerned with new forms of education of professionals in vocational education and training), has played a particular role in generating collaboration within and across projects. The researchers involved in this partnership and also the participants in the thematic network FORUM are specially emphasised in the network analysis. 

The overview below includes all project partnerships in this section, providing both the acronyms (used in the figures) and the titles. 

1995 to 1997

EUROPROF - New forms of education of professionals in vocational education and training
INTEQUAL - The acquisition of integrated qualifications for professional work and study
POST-16 - STRATEGIES Finding new strategies for post-16 education
DELOS - Developing learning organisation models in SME clusters

1997 to 2000

CATEWE - A comparative analysis of transitions from education to work in Europe
DEVELOP - Development, enskilling, learning organisation package
DUOQUA -L Qualifications with a dual orientation towards employment and higher education
HRD & LLL - The role of HRD within organisations in creating opportunities for life-long learning
LATIO - In-company training and learning organisations
SPES-NET - Sharpening the post-16 educational strategies by horizontal and vertical networking
TQC2000 - Toolkit Quality Craftmanship 2000
WORKTOW - Changing working life and training of older workers 
FLEX-VET - Educating a flexible workforce for Europe
RE-ENTER - Improving the transition of low-achieving school leavers from school to vocational education and training
SMES-TRAINING - Small business training and competitiveness
TACITKEY - Tacit forms of key competences for changing employment
WEX21C - Work experience as an education and training strategy: New approaches for the 21st century
WHOLE - Work process knowledge in technological and organisational development (Thematic Network)

2000 to 2003

CoCKEAS - Co-ordinating competencies and knowledge in the European automobile industry
E&T Cluster - Towards the learning economy? 
EarlyBird - Early recognition of a need for qualification
FAME - Occupational identity, flexibility and mobility in the European labour market
GENDERQUAL - Gender and qualification
ORGLEARN - Ways of organisational learning in the chemical industry
RE-INTEGRATION - Transnational evaluation of social and professional re-integration programmes for young people
CERN - Capitalisation and Evaluation Research Network
EHRD Base - Resource base of a research project cluster related to human resource development in Europe
SELF-EVALUATION - Transnational methods and models for self-evaluation of non-formal personal competencies
SERVEMPLOI - Innovations in information society sectors

More information about these projects and their partnerships can be obtained from the home pages available in the annex.

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 Contact: Sabine Manning